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Geneva Protocol reservations

Project on Chemical and Biological Warfare


List of notes and reservations submitted by States Partiesto the Geneva Protocol.
 

  • Algeria
    The Algerian Government will be bound by the Protocol only with regard to States which have ratified or have adhered to it and will cease to be bound by the said Protocol with regard to any State whose armed forces or whose allies' armed forces do not respect the provisions of the Protocol.



  • Angola
    In acceding to the Protocol of 17 June 1925, the People's Republic of Angola declares that the latter is binding only on those States which have signed and ratified or which have definitively acceded to the Protocol. In acceding to the Protocol of 17 June 1925, the People's Republic of Angola declares that the latter would cease to be binding on all enemy States whose armed forces or whose allies, de jure or de facto do not respect the prohibitions which are the object of the said Protocol.



  • Australia
    Subject to the reservations that His Majesty is bound by the said Protocol only towards those Powers and States which have both signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto, and that His Majesty shall cease to be bound by the Protocol towards any Power at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or the armes forces of whose allies, do not respect the Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary Government dated 27 October 1986, the Government of Australia stated the following:
    "Whereas on the twenty-second day of January One thousand nine hundred and thirty, the Government of Australia acceded, for and on behalf of Australia and subject to a reservation, to the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, done at Geneva on the seventeenth day of June One thousand nine hundred and twenty-five;
    The Government of Australia having reconsidered its reservation now hereby withdraws the same for and on behalf of Australia."



  • Bahrain
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of the State of Bahrain as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto;
    The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of the State of Bahrain in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol;
    The accession of the State of Bahrain to the said Protocol, signed on June 17, 1925, shall in no way constitute recognition of Israel or be a cause for the establishment of any relations of any kind therewith.



  • Bangladesh
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of Bangladesh as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto;
    The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of Bangladesh in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Belarus
    On 2 March 1970 the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic stated that "it recognizes itself to be a Party" to the Geneva Protocol of 1925 (United Nations document A/8052, Annex,III).



  • Belgium
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on the Belgian government as regards States which have signed or ratified it or which may accede to it. (2) The said Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the Belgian government in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note: In a communication to the depositary Government dated 14 February 1997, Belgium declared that it had decided to withdraw the reservations made at the time of ratification.



  • Bulgaria
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Bulgarian government as regards States which have signed or ratified it or which may accede to it. The said Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the Bulgarian government in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary Government dated 2 October 1991, Bulgaria stated the following: "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria presents its compliments to the Embassy of France in Sofia and has the honour to inform it that on 13 September 1991, the Great National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria adopted a law considering the withdrawal of the reservation made by Bulgaria on ratifying the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of the Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925".



  • Cambodia
    In a verbal note of 30 September 1993, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Cambodia declared that the Royal Government of Cambodia considered itself bound by the Protocol of 17 June 1925, to which the coalition Government of Democratic Cambodia had acceded on 15 March 1983.
    This accession had been considered invalid by Australia, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, France, Hungaria, Mauritius, Mongolia, Poland, Soviet Uniont and Viet nam.



  • Canada
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on His Britannic Majesty as regards those States which have both signed and ratified it, or have finally acceded thereto. (2) The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on His Britannic Majesty towards any State at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or whose allies de jure or in fact fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary Government dated 20 August 1991, Canada stated the following: "The Government of Canada modifies the reservations made by Canada to the Protocol of 17 June 1925 for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of the Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, by withdrawing the reservations made by Canada to the Protocol with respect to bacteriological methods."down in the Protocol.

    Further, in a note of 19 October 1999 the government of Canada declared the complete withdrawal of its reservations to the Geneva Protocol.



  • Chile
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on the Chilean government as regards States which have signed and ratified it or which may definitely accede to it. (2) The said Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the Chilean government in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary Government dated 11 September 1991, Chile stated the following: "I have the honour to inform you, in conformity with article 22 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, of the decision by the Government of Chile to withdraw the reservation it formulated on ratifying the Protocol on the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of the Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, adopted at Geneva on 17 June 1925."



  • China
    On 13 July 1952, the People's Republic of China issued a statement recognizing as binding upon it the accession to the Protocol in the name of China. The People's Republic of China considers itself bound by the Protocol on condition of reciprocity on the part of all the other contracting and acceding powers.



  • Czech Republic
    The Czechoslovak Republic shall ipso facto cease to be bound by this Protocol towards any State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 8 November 1990, the depositary Government informed the States parties of the following communication from Czechoslovakia:
    "The instrument of ratification contained a reservation stating that the Czechoslovak Republic would ipso facto cease to be bound by the said Protocol in regard to all States whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.
    Having examined the said reservation, and knowing that the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic consents thereto, we hereby withdraw it."

    On 22 September 1993, the Czech Republic declared that it considered itself bound by the Geneva Protocol of 17 june 1925.



  • Fiji
    In a declaration of succession of 26 January 1973 addressed to the depositary government, the government of Fiji confirmed that the provisions of the Protocol were applicable to it by virtue of the ratification by the United Kingdom. The Protocol is only binding on Fiji as regards States which have both signed and ratified it and which will have finally acceded thereto. The Protocol shall cease to be binding on Fiji in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or the armed forces of whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of the Protocol.



  • France
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on the government of the French Republic as regards States which have signed or ratified it or which may accede to it. (2) The said Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the government of the French Republic in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 25 November 1996, the French Government declared the withdrawal of its reservations. Such withdrawal took effect on 12 December 1996.



  • India
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on His Britannic Majesty as regards those States which have both signed and ratified it, or have finally acceded thereto. (2) The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on His Britannic Majesty towards any Power at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Iraq
    On condition that the Iraq government shall be bound by the provisions of the Protocol only towards those States which have both signed and ratified it or have acceded thereto, and that it shall not be bound by the Protocol towards any State at enmity with Iraq whose armed forces, or the forces of whose allies, do not respect the provisions of the Protocol.



  • Ireland
    The government of the Irish Free State does not intend to assume, by this accession, any obligation except towards the States having signed and ratified this Protocol or which shall have finally acceded thereto, and should the armed forces or the allies of an enemy State fail to respect the said Protocol, the government of the Irish Free State would cease to be bound by the said Protocol in regard to such State.

    Note:
    In a note of 7 February 1972, received by the depositary government on 10 February 1972, the government of Ireland declared that it had decided to withdraw the above reservations made at the time of accession to the Protocol.



  • Israel
    The said Protocol is only binding on the State of Israel as regards States which have signed and ratified or acceded to it. The said Protocol shall cease ipso facto to be binding on the State of Israel as regards any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, or the regular or irregular forces, or groups or individuals operating from its territory, fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.



  • Jordan
    The accession by Jordan to the Protocol does not in any way imply recognition of Israel, and does not oblige Jordan to conclude with Israel any arrangement under the Protocol. Jordan undertakes to respect the obligations contained in the Protocol with regard to States which have undertaken similar commitments. It is not bound by the Protocol as regards States whose armed forces, regular or irregular, do not respect the provisions of the Protocol.



  • Korea (North)
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto. The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Korea (South)
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of the Republic of Korea as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto. The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of the Republic of Korea in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Kuwait
    The accession by the State of Kuwait to this Protocol does not in any way imply recognition of Israel, or the establishment of relations with the latter on the basis of the present Protocol. In case of breach of the prohibition mentioned in this Protocol by any of the Parties, the State of Kuwait will not be bound, with regard to the Party committing the breach, to apply the provisions of this Protocol.



  • Libya
    The accession to the Protocol does not imply recognition or the establishment of any relations with Israel. The present Protocol is binding on the Libyan Arab Republic only as regards States which are effectively bound by it and will cease to be binding on the Libyan Arab Republic as regards States whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.



  • Mongolia
    In the case of violation of this prohibition by any State in relation to the People's Republic of Mongolia, or its allies, the government of the People's Republic of Mongolia shall not consider itself bound by the obligation of the Protocol towards that State.

    Note: On 15 May 1990, Mongolia informed the depositary Government of the following:
    "I have the honour to bring to your attention the fact that the Government of the Mongolian People's Republic has decided to withdraw the reservation which it made at the time of its accession to the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925.
    As from this date, the Mongolian Government will respect all the clauses of this Protocol without any reservation."



  • Netherlands
    Including the Netherlands Indies, Surinam and Curacao. On 25 November 1975 Surinam became a sovereign state.
    As regards the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of all analogous liquids, materials or devices, this Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the Royal Netherlands government with regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 17 July 1995, the depositary Government received a notification from the Government of the Netherlands that it was withdrawing the reservation that it had expressed upon ratification of the Protocol on 13 October 1930. The notification stated precisely that the withdrawal of reservation concerned the Kingdom in Europe, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.



  • New Zealand
    Subject to the reservations that His Majesty is bound by the said Protocol only towards those Powers and States which have both signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto, and that His Majesty shall cease to be bound by the Protocol towards any Power at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or the armes forces of whose allies, do not respect the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 6 January 1989, New Zealand informed the depositary Government of the following:
    "On accession to the Protocol the Government of New Zealand declared that its accession was subject to two reservations: that New Zealand if bound by the Protocol only towards those States which have both signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto, and that New Zealand shall cease to be bound by the Protocol towards any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, do not respect the Protocol.
    I have the hounour to inform you of the decision of the Government of New Zealand to withdraw these reservations to the Protocol as from the date of deposit of this letter."



  • Nigeria
    The Protocol is only binding on Nigeria as regards States which are effectively bound by it and shall cease to be binding on Nigeria as regards States whose armed forces or whose allies' armed forces fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of the Protocol.



  • Pakistan
    By a note of 13 April 1960, Pakistan informed the depositary Government that it was a party to the Protocol by virtue of Paragraph 4 of the Annex to the Indian Independence Act of 1947.



  • Papua New Guinea
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of Papua New Guinea as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto. The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of Papua New Guinea in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Paraguay
    22 October 1933 is the date of receipt of the instrument of accession. The date of the notification by the French government "for the purpose of regularization" is 13 January 1969.



  • Portugal
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on the government of the Portuguese Republic as regards States which have signed and ratified it or which may accede to it. (2) The said Protocol shall ipso facto cease to be binding on the government of the Portuguese Republic in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.



  • Romania
    (1) The said Protocol only binds the Romanian government in relation to States which have signed and ratified or which have definitely acceded to the Protocol. (2) The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Romanian government in regard to all enemy States whose armed forces or whose allies de jure or in fact do not respect the restrictions which are the object of this Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary Government dated 16 July 1991, Romania stated the following:
    "The Embassy of Romania in France presents its compliments to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Office of Legal Affairs, and has the honour to inform it that by act No.39 of 1 June 1991, the Romanian Parliament approved the withdrawal of the reservations formulated by Romania to the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, concluded at Geneva on 17 June 1925."



  • Russia
    (1) The said Protocol only binds the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in relation to the States which have signed and ratified or which have definitely acceded to the Protocol. (2) The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies de jure or in fact do not respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.

    Note:
    On 15 January 2001 the Russian Federation informed the French government, which is the depository of the Geneva Protocol, that it had withdrawn its reservations. Following approval by the State Duma (27 October 2000) and the Federation Council (24 November 2000), the Russian Federation promulgated Federal Law No. 143-FZ on 6 December which authorized the withdrawl of the reservations.


  • Slovakia
    The Czechoslovak Republic shall ipso facto cease to be bound by this Protocol towards any State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 8 November 1990, the depositary Government informed the States parties of the following communication from Czechoslovakia:
    "The instrument of ratification contained a reservation stating that the Czechoslovak Republic would ipso facto cease to be bound by the said Protocol in regard to all States whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.
    Having examined the said reservation, and knowing that the Government of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic consents thereto, we hereby withdraw it."

    On 22 September 1993, Slovakia declared that it considered itself bound by the Geneva Protocol of 17 june 1925.



  • South Africa
    Subject to the reservations that His Majesty is bound by the said Protocol only towards those Powers and States which have both signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto, and that His Majesty shall cease to be bound by the Protocol towards any Power at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or the armes forces of whose allies, do not respect the Protocol.

    Note:
    On 8 July 1996, the depositary Government received a notification from the Government of South Africa that it was withdrawing its reservation. Such withdrawal took effect on 20 October 1996.




  • Spain
    Declares as bindingipso facto, without special agreement with respect to any other Member or State accepting and observing the same obligation, that is to say, on condition of reciprocity, the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous and other Gases and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925.

    Note:
    On 23 December 1992, the Spanish Government informed the depositary Government that it had decided to withdraw the reservation entered on 17 June 1925. Such withdrawal took effect on 28 December 1992.



  • Syria
    The accession by the Syrian Arab Republic to this Protocol and the ratification of the Protocol by its government does not in any case imply recognition of Israel, or lead to the establishment of relations with the latter concerning the provisions laid down in this Protocol.



  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    The British Plenipotentiary declared when signing: "My signature does not bind India or any British Dominion which is a separate Member of the League of Nations and does not separately sign or adhere to the Protocol."
    (1) The said Protocol is only binding on His Britannic Majesty as regards those Powers and States which have both signed and ratified the Protocol or have finally acceded thereto. (2) The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on His Britannic Majesty towards any Power at enmity with Him whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.

    Note:
    In a communication to the depositary government dated 8 November 1991, the United Kingdom withdrew part (2) of its original reservation when it comes to the use of agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and means of delivery specified in article 1 of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction, of 10 April 1972.



  • United States
    The protocol shall cease to binding on the government of the United States with respect to the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and all analogous liquids, materials, or devices, in regard to any enemy State if such State or any of its allies fails to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Viet Nam
    The said Protocol is only binding on the Government of Viet Nam as regards those States which have signed and ratified the Protocol or have acceded thereto; The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the Government of Viet Nam in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces, or the armed forces of whose Allies, fail to respect the prohibitions laid down in the Protocol.



  • Yugoslavia
    The said Protocol shall cease to be binding on the government of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in regard to any enemy State whose armed forces or whose allies fail to respect the prohibitions which are the object of this Protocol.


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